VOL. V. NO. 72 «
OFFICIAL WEEKLY ORGAN OF
THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S PARTY
SATURDAY, JUNE 9. 1917
Shade of Lincoln: “Remember he can not fool all of the people all of the time ”
National Unmans fartg
NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS, LAFAYETTE SQUARE, WASHINGTON, D. C., Tel. Main 5437
Delaware, 17 East 7th Street, Wilmington
Tel. Wilmington 5580
District of Columbia, Lafayette Square, Washington,
D. C ..Tel. Main 5437
Illinois, 1004 Stevens Building, Chicago, Tel. Ran¬
Indiana, 611 Fletcher Savings and Trust Co.
Maryland, 817 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, Tel. Hit.
Massachusetts, 401 Phillips Building, 120 Tremont
Street, Boston, Tel. Fort Hill 2825
Minnesota, 206 Studio Building, corner Market and
Fourth Streets, St. Paul
New Jersey, 709 Union Building, Clinton Street,
jVeio York, 13 East 41st Street, New York, Tel. Mur¬
ray Hill 5444
50 East 42d Street, N. Y. City (City Committee)
381 Main Street East, Rochester.
Ohio, Rector Building, State and Sixth Streets, Co¬
Pennsylvania, 213 Hale Building, Philadelphia, Tel.
OBJECT: TO SECURE AN AMENDMENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION ENFRANCHISING WOMEN
MEMBERSHIP : Open to all women who, regarding woman suffrage as the foremost political issue of the day, will support it irrespective of the interests of any
national political party.
ENTRANCE FEE : Twenty-five cents. There are no duea.
Miss Alice Paul, N. J., Chairman
Miss Anne Martin, Nev„ Vice-chairman
Miss Mabel Vernon, Nev., Secretary
Miss Gertrude L. Crocker, Ill., Treasurer
Mrs. Robert Baker, D. C.
Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, N. Y.
Mrs. John W. Brannan, N. Y.
Miss Lucy Burns, N. Y.
Mrs. Gilson Gardner, D. C.
Mrs. Florence Bayard Hilles, Del.
Mrs. Donald R. Hooker, Md.
Mrs. J. A. H. Hopkins, N. J.
Mrs. William Kent, Cal.
Mrs. Lawrence Lewis, Pa,
Miss Doris Stevens, Neb.
Miss Maud Younger, Cal.
Chairman, Miss Anne Martin
Vice-Chairman, Miss Mabel Vernon
Mrs. Robert Baker
Mrs. Alvin Barber
Mrs. Gilson Gardner
Mrs. William Kent
Mrs. George Odell
Miss Maude Younger
National Headquarters Maintenance Committee
Mrs. William Kent
Miss Hazel MacKaye
National Headquarters Manager
Mrs. Ella Dean
Mrs. Robert Baker
Miss Mary Gertrude Fendall
Miss Grace Needham
Mrs. Bessie Papandre
Eastern States, Miss Doris Stevens
Pacific Coast States Miss Margaret Whittemore
Rocky Mountain States, Miss Margery Ross
Lake States, Miss Elsie Hill
Southern States, Mrs. E. St. Clair Thompson
National Headquarters, Miss Virginia Arnold
Pennsylvania Headquarters, Miss Caroline Katzensteln
Miss Beulah Amidon
Miss Lucy Branham
Miss Iris Calderhead
Miss Bliss Finley
Miss Mildred Gilbert
Miss Sarah Grant
Miss Alice Henkle
Mrs. H. L. White,
1026 South 32d St., Birmingham
Mrs. H. L. Corl, Nogales (acting)
Mrs. Edward M. Jarrett,
Mrs. Elinor Carlisle
Pine St., Berkeley
Mrs. Bertha W. Fowler,
1225 Wood Avenue, Colorado Springs
Mrs. W. D. Ascough,
456 Washington Street, Hartford
Mrs. Florence Bayard Hilles
17 East 7th Street, Wilmington
District of Columbia
Mrs. W. T. Burch,
21 Madison Place, Washington, D. O.
Mrs. A. Leight Monroe,
215 11th St., Miami
Mrs. Beatrice Castleton,
312 Healy Building, Atlanta
Mrs. Bertram Sippy,
1004 Stevens Bldg., Chicago
Mrs. Fred Walker,
Mrs. Frederick T. Ackermann, N. Y.
Mrs. Robert Adamson, N. Y.
Mrs. Charles E. Amidon, N. Dak.
Miss Jessie Ashley, N. Y.
Dr. S. Josephine Baker, N. Y.
Miss Mary Bakewell, Pa.
Mrs. Bion H. Barnett, Fla.
Mrs. Cyrus Beard, Wyo.
Mrs. Mary Ritter Beard, N. Y.
Mrs. William B. Boulton, N. J.
Mrs. Howard P. Boyle, N. J.
Mrs. Virginia M. Branner, Iowa
Mrs. Edward Breitung, Mich.
Mrs. Alfred H. Bright, Minn.
Reverend Olympia Brown, Wis.
Miss Mary A. Burnham, Pa.
Mrs. Dora Phelps Buell, Col.
Mrs. Anne Wells Cannon, Utah
Mrs. John Carey, Ind.
Mrs. Joseph Carey, Wyo.
Miss Alice Carpenter, N. Y.
Mn Thomas L. Chadbourne, N. Y.
Mrs. Margaret Zane Chedron, Utah
Mrs. William L. Colt, N. Y.
Miss Anna Constable, N. Y.
Mrs. Vincent Cook, Ore.
Mrs. Avery Coonley, Ill.
Mrs. Frank Oothren, N. Y.
Mrs. Julius Crisler, Miss.
Mrs. R. P. Crump, Miss.
Miss Eleanor Barker,
611 Fletcher Savings & Trust Co.,
Mrs. A. N. Beim,
The Shops, Des Moines
Mrs. Dan Casement,
343 North 15th Street. Manhattan
Mrs. Robert Treat Whitehouse,
108 Vaughan Street, Portland
Mrs. Townsend Scott
817 North Charles Street, Baltimore
Mrs. Agnes H. Morey,
230 Buckminster Road, Brookline
Mrs. Nelson Whittemore,
2967 West Grand Boulevard, Detroit
Mrs. A. R. Colvin, l
Davern Avenue, St. Paul
Mrs. Julius Crisler (acting)
117 N. West Street, Jackson
Mrs. Edith Barriger,
5430 Onbanne Avenue, St. Louis
Mrs. O. S. Haire,
528 Hemlock Street, Helena
Mrs. John Rog:eis, N. Y.
Mrs. Lucius M. Cuthbert, Ool.
Mrs. George H. Day, Conn.
Dr. Maria M. Dean. Mont.
Mrs. Lewis L. Delafield, N. Y.
Miss Lavina Dock, Pa.
Mrs. Rheta Childe Dorr, N. Y.
Miss Crystal Eastman, N. Y.
Mrs. Sara Bard Field, Cal.
Mrs. Robert Patterson Finley, N. J.
Mrs. William Floyd, N. Y.
Mrs. Marie Moore Forrest, D. C.
Mrs. J. Andre Fouilhonx, Ore.
Miss Susan P. Frost, S. C.
Mrs. Emma Maddox Funck, Md.
Mrs. Elizabeth Gerberding, Cal.
Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, N. Y.
Mrs. Adolphus E. Granpner, Cal.
Mrs. Edwin C. Grice, Pa.
Mrs. Jennie Law Hardy, Mich.
Mrs. W. E. Hardy, Neb.
Mrs. F. R. Hazard, N. Y.
Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst, Cal.
Mrs. William Randolph Hearst, N. Y
Mrs. George Hendrie, Mich.
Mrs. Elon Hooker, N. Y.
Mrs. Frederick C. Howe, N. Y.
Miss Mary Ingham, Pa.
Mrs. Inez Haynes Irwin, N. Y.
Mrs. Charles Gilmore Kerley, N. Y.
Dr. Cora Smith King, Wash.
of State Chairmen
Mrs. M. S. Bonnifield,
Mrs. J. A. H. Hopkins,
709 Union Building, Clinton St.
Mrs. Joshua Raynolds,
308 South High Street, Albuquerque
Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont,
13 East 4l8t Street, New York City
Mrs. Arthur Taylor,
805 Worthington Ave., Charlotte
Mrs. Elizabeth Darrow O’Neil,
714 Eighth Street, Fargo
Mrs. Valentine Winters,
319 West 1st St., Dayton
Mrs. E. Z. Wallower (acting),
Skirvin Hotel, Oklahoma City
Dr. Florence Manion,
1010 Selling Building, Portland
Miss Marie Ernst Kennedy,
213 Hale Bldg., Philadelphia
Secretary, Miss Maud
Mrs. Alexander Kohut, N. Y.
Miss Fola La Follette, N. Y.
Mrs. Otto Kirchner, Mich.
Mrs. Lola Maverick Lloyd, Ill.
Dr. Sarah H. Lockrey, Pa.
Mrs. Harry Lowenburg, Pa.
Miss Belle McGibeny, N. J.
Miss Bernice McCoy, Idaho
Mrs. Benton MacKaye, D. C.
Mrs. Ida Finney Mackrille, Cal.
Mrs. Lionel S. Marks, Mass.
Mrs. Marcus M. Marks, N. Y.
Miss Julia Marlowe, N. Y.
Miss Helen Marot, N. Y.
Mrs. Harris Masterson, Tex.
Miss Edythe Wynne Matthison, Conn.
Miss Marion May, N. Y.
Mrs. Cyrus Mead, Ohio
Miss Vida Milholland, N. Y.
Mrs. Lilia Day Monroe, Kans.
Mrs. John T. Morrison, Idaho
Mrs. Henry Moskowitz, N. Y.
Mrs. William Spencer Murray, Md.
Mrs. Ellen Spencer Mussey, D. O.
Mrs. Adelina Otero-Warren, N. M.
Mrs. Marsden Perry, R. I.
Mrs. Amos Pinchot, N. Y.
Mrs. Annie Porritt, Conn.
Mrs. Alden Potter, Minn.
Mrs. A. Froscher, Jr.
15 Carretera, Santurce
Mrs. Richard Jackson Barker,
“The Outlook,” Tiverton
Mrs. W. P. Vaughan,
Mrs. A. R. Fellows,
Mrs. L. Crozier French,
620 West Cumberland Ave., Knoxville
Mrs. Clara Snell Wolfe,
909 West 18th Street, Austin
Mrs. Elizabeth Jenkins,
37 South 6th St. East, Salt Lake City
Mrs. J. Borden Estee,
Mrs. Sophie G. Meredith,
204 East Grace Street, Richmond
Mrs. Otis Floyd Lamson,
1237 Federal Ave., Seattle
Miss Ada James,
Dr. France? M. Lane, Cody
Mrs. William Prendergast, N. Y.
Mrs. Nina G. Proctor, N. Y.
Mrs. James M. Rector, Ohio
Mrs. Henry Ridgly, Del.
Miss Ella Riegel, Pa.
Mrs. Julius Rosenwald, Ill.
Mrs. Charles Edward Russell, D. O.
Mrs. Frederick Sanborn, Oal.
Mrs. Eugene Shippen, Mich.
Mr8. Frances Thurber Seal, N. Y.
Mrs. May Wright Sewall, Ind.
Mrs. Austin Sperry, Oal.
Mrs. Albert Steinfeld, Ariz.
Mrs. Julius Stone, Ohio
Dr. Elizabeth Thelberg, N. Y.
Mrs. David D. Terry, Ark.
Mrs. Mary C. Therkelsen, Ore.
Mrs. Robert Gibbes Thomas, S. 0.
Miss Clara L. Thompson, Mo.
Mrs. Shelley Tollhurst, Cal.
Mrs. Samuel Untermeyer, N. Y.
Mrs. Richard Wainwright, D. 0.
Mrs. Hattie D. M. Wallis, Tex.
Mrs. Thomas F. Walsh, D. C.
Mrs. John Jay White, D. C.
Mrs. Harvey W. Wiley, D. 0.
Dr. Marion Walker Williams, Aria.
Mrs. S. B. M. Young, Mont.
Mrs. Fanny Bloomfield Zeisler, HI.
Notes of the Week
Prohibition as a War Measure
HE national prohibition amendment will be
passed by the present Congress.”
This unqualified prediction was made to a
representative of the Christian Science Monitor
this week by an important member of the Senate
Judiciary Committee, before which the question
The Committee, according to this Senator, is
to begin consideration of prohibition next Mon¬
day. The one of the half-dozen prohibition
measures to be given most attention is the new
“bone-dry” joint resolution introduced by Senator
Sheppard of Texas. The Senator quoted said he
“had no doubt the Judiciary Committee would
speedily report the Sheppard bill out.”
Because of the Democratic Caucus resolution
putting all legislation except “war emergency
legislation” on the responsibility of the President
—and because the narrow ideas of Congress
actually puts all responsibility on him—suffragists
will watch with the closest attention the treat¬
ment given prohibition by the Administration
forces. If President Wilson gives his support to
this measure in this session and denies it to the
suffrage amendment > he will not find adequate
explanation to eight million voting women easy.
Labor Conference of Women
HE National Women’s Trade Union League
meets in convention in Kansas City this
week. Women delegates have been sent
from France and Australia. English trade union¬
ists consider this conference so important that
they delegated Mary McArthur, secretary of the
British Women’s Trade Union League and of the
Central War Commission on Women’s Employ¬
ment for England and Wales, to represent them.
The British government, however, refused her
passports. No reason for this refusal has been
given by England; but it is charged at the con¬
vention that special interests in this country
pulled wires to keep working-women here from
being stirred to unrest by first-hand accounts of
English women’s treatment at the hands of war
Most of the discussion is being given to the
question of war work for women, with strong
insistence on the need for keeping up the stand¬
ards of hours and wages and the improvement of
conditions wherever women, without political
power, have force to accomplish it.
Resolutions are up for discussion on suffrage,
sweated labor, and working conditions and unem¬
ployment after the war.
HE Russian Mission extraordinary, headed
by Professor Bukhmeteff, now on its way
from Petrograd to Washington includes in
its personel of thirty-eight about fifteen women,
a number unprecedented in diplomatic history.
The United States Mission to Russia, headed
by Mr. Elihu Root, includes no women.
Child Welfare Department
ISS JULIA LATHROP, chief of the Chil¬
dren’s Bureau in the United States Depart¬
ment of Labor, will head the child welfare
committee in the women’s advisory branch of
the Council of National Defense. The Childrens
Bureau has recently investigated how war has
affected the condition of children in Europe and
Canada and has pointed out how the warring
governments have proved and acted upon the
practical necessity for the highest standards of
health and education in war-time.
Miss Lathrop’s position on this committee will
doubtless prove of great service to a man’s gov¬
ernment in keeping up safeguards against the ex¬
ploitation of children in this country.
Quakers Endorse Suffrage
HE Liberal Branch of the Society of Friends
indorsed suffrage at its annual meeting in
New York City last week. When one mem¬
ber objected to a discussion of this question at a
religious meeting, a woman member answered;
“Any subject which concerns itself with one-
half of the population must come up on every
possible occasion. It will continue to come up
until suffrage is won.”
A New Suffrage Paper
HE National American Woman Suffrage
Association has issued the first number of
its new official organ, The Woman Citizen.
This suffrage weekly amalgamates The Wo¬
man Voter, organ of the Woman Suffrage
Party of New York City; the National Woman
Suffrage News, published by the National Ameri¬
can Woman Suffrage Association; and the Wo¬
man’s Journal, founded by Lucy Stone and Henry
Blackwell in Boston in 1870. The new paper is
published by the Leslie Woman Suffrage Commis¬
sion. Rose Young director of the Leslie Bureau
of Suffrage Education, is editor-in-chief, with a
staff of five associate editors.
Movement for Democracy in England
A N important conference is being held this
week in England in the Labor, Socialist
and democratic conference in Leeds. Its
purpose is to hail the Russian Revolution and to
organize the British democracy to follow Russia.
More than eleven hundred delegates represent
trade unions, the Independent Labor Party, the
Socialist Party, Women’s Organizations and all
the main progressive bodies of the country. The
organizers and leaders of the conference include
Ramsey MacDonald, Philip Snowdon, Mrs. Snow¬
don, Mrs. Despard and Mr. and Mrs. Pethick
One of the four resolutions to be considered
provides “that the convention demand that the
Government shall establish political rights for all
men and women.”
The fourth resolution already passed calls for
central and local committees of workers’ and
soldiers’ delegates like those in Russia to be ap¬
pointed to direct working-class activity in sup¬
port of the policy outlined by the convention
a democratic peace without annexations or in¬
demnities, political equality, free speech, free press
and the release of labor from compulsion and
This radical step for democracy will be put
into effect at once if the Government does not
interfere, dispatches report. The committee ap¬
pointed to help form these councils includes one
woman, Mrs. Despard.
Women and the Stockholm
T HE Stockholm Socialist Conference has one
woman member, Fru Nina Bang, a leader
of the Socialist Party in Denmark. She
believes that full share must be given to women
in the work of democratizing the nations.
“Women,” she says, “must share in the work of
democratization, because the war has forced wo¬
men to work as never before, and because the
war has succeeded in doing what for centuries
capitalists have vainly striven to accomplish name¬
ly, the economic mobilizaton of virtually all wo¬
“This circumstance naturally will radically
change the social position of women.”
Women Officials in Russia
HE Council of Peasants’ Delegates in Russia
has just elected its executive committee.
Mme. Catherine Bresshkovsky stood second
on the list after M. Tchernoff, Socialist Minister of
Agriculture. Vera Figner, Socialist leader, was
the seventh member elected. It is not yet known
whether other women were also elected.
Canadian National Suffrage
IR ROBERT BORDEN, Prime Minister of
Canada, has moved a resolution in the
Canadian House of Commons to consider
the question of national woman suffrage. If it
is possible to enact legislation this season, says a
special dispatch to the Christian Science Monitor,
all the women of the Dominion will have the
right to vote for candidates for seats in the House
Five Canadian provinces have already en¬
franchised women and a sixth, Nova Scotia, is
now putting through the measure. Canadian wo¬
men have been bringing all possible pressure to
bear on the national government for national
The South Salutes the Suffrage Sentinels
T HE streets of the
Capital this week
have moved the
onlooker to both tears
and laughter — the
kind of laughter that
lies close to tears. For
the first time in his¬
tory the troops of the
Confederacy have this
week crossed the
Potomac and occupied
the city of Washing¬
capitulated at once to
the Confederate Re¬
union, the white-
haired, stooped men in
their shabby gray,
with their faded
badges and tattered
flags. The city hung
out the Stars and
Bars with the Stars
and Stripes ; and there
was a new flag in the
martial city that the
veterans had heard of
before but never be¬
fore seen. They knew
it at once. Washing¬
ton might be a city of
but that purple, white
and gold flag was
One gentle old Ala¬
bamian with a worn
faded plume on his
soft hat, confessed as
much to a suffrage
picket at the White House gate.
“We-all came out early to see the sights,”
he said. “We went three times around this
place, and I thought the big house in the
center was the White House. But we weren’t
sure—not until you girls came out with your
flags and stood here. ‘This is sure enough
where the President lives,’ I said, ‘here are the
suffrage pickets and there are the purple and
gold flags we read about down home.’ You’re
“You’re brave girls!” That has been the con¬
census of opinion among the fine old soldiers
in gray that throng the streets. And their
daughters and granddaughters echo them.
The last suspicion that the South is opposed
to federal suffrage was dissipated when the
wavering line of gallant old men poured into
the Capital in thousands, and came, every
single one of them, so it seemed, to the suf¬
frage sentinels to pay their respects to the
school she had read
of Susan B. Anthony
and written to that
great leader asking
how she could help.
She treasures yet
that letter bidding her
to “agitate, educate.”
“But it’s been hard
down there,” she ad¬
mitted. “You younger
women are taking up
the old fight so differ¬
face the fact whether
they want to or not,—•
forcing them to see
it; that is what we
could not do in those
days with the best in¬
tentions.” And with
her young girl com¬
panion, to represent
the little mountain
town she had lived in
all her life, she beg¬
ged to hold the purple
and gold banner that
they might go back
and say that they too
had been on the picket
line for the cause that
is so near realization
Indeed there were
few of the Southern
visitors who passed
the suffrage pickets
and spoke a word of
cheer who did not
know of the long fight in Congress that women
have made for their enfranchisement. The curious
fact that was borne in upon the suffrage senti¬
nels was that the real South, the great South,
the rank and file, is for the liberty of the
women of the South and the North; it is sim¬
ply a group of politicians, simply a political
leader, they realized during the great Southern
Reunion, who are blocking the enfranchisement
of the women of this nation.
The National Woman’s Party gave a reception
and tea to the Daughters of the Confederacy and
the Federal Veterans on the second day of the
Reunion at the national headquarters, at which
Mrs. Minnie E. Brooke of Chevy Chase and Miss
Lucy Burns of New York spoke. The hostesses
of the afternoon were Mrs. Cornelia Powell
Odenheimer, president of the United Daughters
of the Confederacy; Miss Marion May,, Mrs. S.
P. Martin, Mrs. Richard Wainwright, Mrs. Wil¬
liam Kent, Mrs. W. Thompson Burch and Mrs.
William Vaughan, chairman of the North Caro¬
lina branch of the Woman’s Party.
President Wilson Drives Through the Picket Line
The old guard from the South, those who
served through the days of travail, appreciate
courage when they see it. Off go the hats on
Pennsylvania Avenue as the often-tottering
but still-gallant old men pass the groups of
flag-bearing women at the gates of the White
House and at the Capitol.
One distinguished old soldier stepped up to
a girl on the picket line with his hat off. “I
have picketed in my time,” he said, his dim
eyes lighting. “And now it’s your turn, you
young folks. You have the courage. You’re
going to put it through.”
But the old men were not the only South¬
erners interested in that purple, white and
gold picket line that made so enlivening and
brilliant a picture under the pale green
summer canopy of the White House trees.
There was the dear little old lady from North
Carolina. Her suffrage look back was a long
one, and her rebellion had smouldered long.
As a girl of sixteen, she said, teaching a little
The Urgent Need of Political Equality
By Lavinia L. Dock
W AR, organized under public powers for
conquest or defense, has at least one com¬
pensatory aspect. It dramatizes and sets
upon a vast stage the elements of which it is
composed, for all the world to see. Forced, thus,
to look on at the overpowering melodrama, thous¬
ands who had before been cheerfully oblivous to
life’s facts learn lessons which they might indeed
have learned in a less terrible school, but through
security, or selfishness, or absorption in personal
aims would not learn until confronted with a
Thus many have realized for the first time
that most men are brave as soldiers because they
have been brave as working-men or world-
builders. The fiction that war creates bravery,
comradeship and self-denial dissolves, and it is
seen that the world of labor is the source and
training-ground of these qualities. But labor sets
no stage for its sacrifices and heroisms and calls
for no applause, and so the war lords used to
claim as their own the courage which never had
an audience in times of peace.
T HEY can do so no more, for now it has been
shown that even women labor and that their
labor is still more essential to human society
than men’s, in that, besides taking over the duties
discarded by men in the rush to war, they have
always their own special task, the nurture and
conservation of human life, in which no man can
Strange commentary on the dullness of adult
schoolboys, that they have only just now learned
under the pinch of this war that women work,
that they possess courage, that they have moral
force, and that they take an indispensable part,—
quite aside from child-bearing,—in the economy
and industry that underlie both peace and war!
But we have the confession of no less a person
than an ex-premier of England that this is so.
W OULD that one more lesson, well known to
workers, might be finally impressed on all
by the world-conflagration, namely, that
military warfare is only the competitive system on
a huge scale and of an acute intensity, and that
in industrial processes war is incessantly waged
where competition rules instead of co-operation.
What ruthlessness, cruelty, oppression, and lust
are displayed in their most extreme form to a
horrified world by armies sent forth to invade
or subjugate, are met daily by the workers, among
women, and especially by the youngest of them,
simply in lesser degree and in sporadic rather
than in concentrated form.
Comfortable people and respectable business
men do not like to hear this, and working women
cannot easily stage this kind of war. The enemy
they meet easily disguises himself by personal
affability, even by the human kindness which, after
all, is natural while a bad system of life is
artificial, and the lust exposed to the working
girl is not the violence of calculated “frightful¬
ness,” but is smooth and plausible.
S INCE the day when the first trade unionists
were sent to penal servitude, men have great¬
ly helped themselves and incidentally their
families by attaining political power, and that they
have not done more is simply that they have been
slow to learn its use.
And now even the most stubborn reactionary
can no longer deny the supremely urgent need of
women for this protection of the vote. In a
day when Russian and Irish revolutions occur be¬
fore our eyes, acclaimed by Congress and the
press in glowing terms as based on the democratic
demand for a voice in public affairs and on the
sacred right of self-government, it would indeed
be too puerile to repeat the old canting pretense
that the vote is not able to affect wages or condi¬
tions of labor, or indeed to alter anything at all.
At least the war has exposed the essentially
traitorous character of tory politics. Just as men
need the vote so women need it, and even more—
more, because, not only must they protect them¬
selves in industry and before the law, but they
must also protect childhood.
RMIES do, indeed, fight to protect children—
their own, by destroying other people’s
children. Organized warfare claims to pro¬
tect women,—each nation its own by starving or
ruining the women of another nation.
Women must protect women, and with political
voice and power they will learn to do it, because
they will gradually come to see that only so can
men be saved from their age-old self-destructive
systems of competitive warfare.
To gain political equality is therefore the most
urgent, vital, and irrespressible need of our times,
and those women who, disregarding all war cries
and lessons of hatred, press foward to grasp it,
may well be acknowledged by a later generation
to have had a truer perception of patriotism in
the loftiest sense than those who believed they
were serving the nation by meek self-abnegation
in palliative services.
Chairman Webb Shifts the Responsibility
T HE Judiciary Committee of the House and
the Suffrage Committee of the Senate, in
spite of the fact the administration at first
declined to consider suffrage as a war measure,
have been forced to such consideration.
This week the Senate Suffrage Committee has
definitely promised Mrs. William Kent, a member
of the legislative committee of the^oman’s Party,
to report out the Susan B. Anthony amendment.
Chairman Jones has asked the National Roman’s
Party to prepare material for a report in favor of
the measure when it is reported out, covering the
past moves of suffrage in Congress, and why the
amendment should be regarded as a war measure
at this time. This matter was presented before
the Senate Committee by the National Woman’s
Party last month, and by the progressive parties
two weeks ago, with J. A. H. Hopkins, the New
Jersey Progressive, as chairman.
The Woman’s Party and the progressive parties,
including the Socialist, Prohibition, Progressive
and Progressive Republican, were also heard be¬
fore the Judiciary Committee on suffrage as a
war measure; and a reminder of the responsibility
of the Democratic Party in blocking suffrage was
sent by J. A. H. Hopkins to Chairman Webb of
the Judiciary Committee.
“The suggestion in your letter,” wrote Mr.
Hopkins to M]r. Webb, “that since your caucus
resolution provides that the President might from
time to time suggest special war emergency legis¬
lation, puts the responsibility for the inaction of
your Committee upon the President. As the
President has already stated that he will be glad
to do everything he can to promote the cause of
woman suffrage, it seems to me quite evident that
he has at least given your Committee the oppor¬
tunity to exercise their own authority without
even the fear that they may be infringing upon
your caucus rules.”
T HIS plain point was evaded by Chairman
Webb, who, in the parlance of the street
immediately dodged and “passed the buck”
to the President in his reply to Mr. Hopkins.
“The Democratic caucus,” wrote Chairman
Webb, “passed a resolution that only war emerg¬
ency measures would be considerd during this
extra session, and that the President might desig¬
nate from time to time special legislation which
he regarded as war legislation, and such would be
acted on by the House. The President not having
designated woman suffrage and national prohibi¬
tion so far as war measures, the Judiciary Com¬
mittee up to this time has not felt warranted,
under the caucus rule, in reporting either of these
measures. If the President should request either
or both of them as war measures, then I think the
Committee would attempt to take some action
on them promptly. So you see after all it is
important to your cause to make the President
see that woman suffrage comes within the rules
laid down.” “Very truly yours, (Signed) E. Y.
THE SUSAN B. ANTHONY
Proposing an amendment to the Constitu¬
tion of the United States extending the right
of suffrage to women.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Repre¬
sentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled ( two-thirds of each House
concurring therein), That the following article
be proposed to the legislatures of the several
States as an amendment to the Constitution of
the United States, which, when ratified by
three-fourths of the said legislatures, shall be
valid as part of said Constitution, namely:
“ARTICLE—SEC. 1. The right of citizens
of the United States to vote shall not be denied
or abridged by the United States or by any
State on account of sex.
“SEC. 2. Congress shall have power, by
appropriate legislation, to enforce the pro¬
visions of this article.”
THE AMENDMENT IN THE
In the Senate, on April 4, 1917, by Senators
Thompson, Owen, Jones and Shafroth.
In the House, on April 2, 1917 by Representa¬
tives Raker, Rankin, Mondell, Keating and
In the Senate, to the Committee on Woman
In the House, to the Judiciary Committee.
In the Senate
Before the Committee on Woman Suffrage.
In the House
Before the Judiciary Committee.
HISTORY OF THE AMENDMENT
Drafted . .
In its present form, by Susan B. Anthony in 1875.
First Introduced . . „
January 10, 1878, by Hon. A. A. Sargent, in
Reported from Committee
In the Senate
1878, Adverse majority.
1879, Favorable minority.
1882, Favorable majority, adverse minority.
1884, Favorable majority, adverse minority.
1886, Favorable majority.
1890, Favorable majority.
1892, Favorable majority, adverse minority.
1896, Adverse majority.
1913, Favorable majority.
1914, Favorable majority.
1916, Favorable majority.
In the House
1883, Favorable majority.
1884, Adverse majority, favorable minority.
1886, Favorable minority.
1890, Favorable majority.
1894, Adverse majority.
1914, Without recommendation.
1916. Without recommendation.
In the Senate
January 25, 1887. Yeas 16, nays 34. Absent 26
(of whom 4 were announced as for and 2
March 19, 1914. Yeas 35, nays 34, failing by 11
of the necessary two-thirds vote.
In the House
January 12, 1915. Yeas 174, nays 204, failing
by 78 of the necessary two-thirds vote.
Miss Vivian Pierce
Miss Pauline Olarke
Mrs. Mary Beard
Mrs. Florence Brewer Boeckel
Miss Crystal Eastman
Mrs. Gilson Gardner
Cartoonist, Mrs. Nina E. Allender
Miss Pauline Jacobson
Miss Fola La Follette
Advertising, Miss Hazel Hunkins Circulation, Miss Elizabeth Smith
Subscription, Domestic $1.00, Foreign $1.50. Single copies 5 cents Make checks drafts and
V post-office orders payable to The Treasurer of the National Woman s Party
Entered as second-class matter, Not. 14, 1913, at the Postofflce
at Washington, D. 0., under act ol March 8, 1879
The Indomitable Picket Line
I N the midst of the general national confusion—a confusion of purposes as well
as of plans—the clearest testimony to the steadfast faith of our people in
democracy is borne by the unfaltering picket lines of the Woman s Party,
which, day after day, hold before the doors of Congress and the White House their
lovely banners of purple, white, and gold, bearing the demand of women for
It is beautiful to see the numbers, the devotion, the patience of the women
who keep the suffrage banners uplifted.
In the Civil War—the last conflict that really shook the nation—only two
women were faithful to the cause of woman suffrage—Susan B. Anthony and
Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Now tens of thousands of women hold, or support those
who hold, the banners which ask a government demanding women’s services to
do women common justice.
It is without the shadow of a doubt the finest service a woman can do for the
country, to take her place today in the women’s picket line.
A strong demand for justice to women at this time can not be disregarded.
The claim is too clear. The need of the nation for undivided support is too great.
We have only to make now an insistent demand for justice, and we can confer
upon our country the imperishable gift of freedom and arouse it to a more
passionate defense of its extended liberties.
The difficulty is, in the midst of the alarms of war, to make a clear and steady
demand for justice heard at all. The longer our endurance, the more patient our
appeal, the less it will be heeded in a time when dissensions, inner and outer,
crowd each other off the pages of the press.
We can only express ourselves by action. We can not only hold up the
banner of suffrage in our hearts; we can hold it visibly, before the eyes of the
world, and before the eyes of those who make our laws. Nothing could be more
sorrowful, at a time of national danger, than to see the suffrage banners lowered.
It would symbolize the abandonment of the claim of women to liberty, just at
the time when their right to liberty is most evident and when the need of the
country for their free services is greatest.
One spirit must sometimes haunt the national Capitol—the spirit of Susan
B. Anthony, who spent so many patient and courageous hours there, forever
arguing for a cause which was forever inopportune. If her spirit watches the
women who are, day after day, in snow, in rain, through cold and heat, holding
up their shining suffrage banners, she must glory to think of the unconquerable
army that is now assembled where she, with one other, stood alone and impotent
fifty years ago. L. B.
Confessions of a Lobbyist
By Helen Hunt
L OBBYING for suffrage in so great and
august a body as the Congress of our land of
the free has, strange as it may seem, a
humorous side. In coming to Washington to
lobby for a cause that affects half the population
of the country, among men who are considered
capable of taking care of the affairs of govern¬
ment, I felt a thrill of pleasurable pride in the
fact that I was to work for suffrage in a way I
believed intelligent. I believed all that was neces¬
sary to get suffrage “across” was an appeal to the
intelligence of Congressmen.
I have always been a suffragist. My mother,
who is one of those quiet, unassuming women
who has given the greater part of her life to her
home and the bringing-up of her children, and
who has one of those brains people are pleased to
call “a man’s brain,” has always been a suffragist.
I had believed if women went to Congress in a
dignified way, and in a business-like manner put
their case before that body of law-makers, they
would be received in the same spirit and that in
consideration of the fact that they represented a
rather large proportion of the country’s popula¬
tion, their question would receive serious atten¬
tion. I had quite a shock coming to me. To say
that I found a humorous side to lobbying would
be expressing it mildly. I found a ludicrous side.
While I met many able and intelligent men I was
appalled and chagrinned to find that many had not
let the weight of their positions weigh very
heavily on their shoulders.
T HE very first day one Representative told me
that women were too easily influenced by
men, that a woman would always be more
or less influenced by “the persuasion of a good-
looking man.” His final contradictory remark
was, “If you people want to gain votes tell them
to send all of you young girls to lobby!” This
same man argued at great length about the “pro¬
tecting chivalry” of Southern men.
Representative J. F. Byrnes of South Carolina
told me that he had had innumerable letters from
women of his district asking for suffrage, but that
since he was opposed to the measure he had given
orders to his secretary that no more of these
communications be turned over to him, but that
they be consigned to the waste-basket. Of course
he is not representing the women of South Caro¬
lina ; but I thought it rather too bad that they
could not even reach him.
Three men in succession whom I interviewed
ejaculated, “Good Lord!” when I broached the
subject of suffrage. I was at a loss. Did they
consider it a prayerful subject, or what meaning
exactly did the exclamation carry with it? One
of them told me to “go home and get married.”
“Suffrage is all right,” he said gravely, “but lots
of times we have to compromise with right.”
Representative Heflin of Alabama was most
interesting. He was ornamented with a full¬
blown rose the size of an ordinary corsage bou¬
quet and was for “giving the women anything they
wanted”—except suffrage. He pleaded states’
rights. I told him that that phrase had been
worked overtime, and that child labor and good
roads and a dozen other federal measures have
been passed, but he could not see any parallel
between such bills and federal suffrage.
Another states’ rights Southerner pointed out
that in some states there are industries peculiar
only to those states. “Do you think it fair that the
government should step in and make laws for the
entire country when local conditions are differ¬
ent?” he asked. I agreed with him, but added that
women were peculiar to most localities of our
A KENTUCKIAN objected to picketing. I
asked him if the women who picketed had
not always conducted themselves in a digni¬
fied way, and he admitted they had. I asked him if
he believed in advertising, and he said he did.
We discussed campaign methods, and I told him
of one Southern office seeker who gave his con¬
stituents a tight-rope performance before every
speech he made. Of course he did not perform
himself, he only spoke. I recalled in the last
presidential campaign in Chicago that the speakers
for one candidate used a calliope to gather the
crowds. Some people, the Representative admitted,
preferred churches, while others were won by the
Salvation Army. But he couldn’t see why wo¬
men with lettered banners standing where they
could be seen by the men who needed the informa¬
tion they carried were justifiable.
“I’ll bet there is not a woman who pickets who
can make biscuits,” was his curious come-back.
His conclusion was that his mother was not inter¬
ested in suffrage and did not even approve of his
being in Congress. I hardly blamed his mother; I
was inclined to share her prejudice.
I am proud of my own state, Florida, in spite
of the fact that I am only a passenger when it
comes to electing congressmen. Most of the
Florida delegation believe in women enjoying the
privileges of citizenship, and they considered the
subject with the dignity and care which it de¬
serves. One Floridan told me that he had been so
closely associated with women in educational
work that he knew they would be as helpful in
Mr. Huddleston of Alabama, who I understand
has his good points, seemed rather pressed for
time. While I felt sure the people of Alabama
expected him to keep busy in Congress I thought
the women in that state might wish him to lend
an ear to us also. I was interested to see what
larger subject than the women of the United
States claimed his attention, and hurried into the
House gallery for fear I was missing something
of importance. I think it was the eradication of
the cattle tick that they were discussing; and I
confess that as a mere woman I felt rather small.
After telling me reasons why we should not
have suffrage and expatiating on the horror of wo¬
men rubbing shoulders with any and all kinds of
men at the polls, one Georgian suggested that I
become a Red Cross nurse. He didn’t seem to
know that recent statistics show that there are
two Red Cross nurses to every soldier in the
United States army and navy; and that there are
different brands of patriotism. But I could not
understand how he could bring himself even to
consider putting women in a position to care for
those same men he wished them to avoid like the
plague at the polls.
I interviewed a man from the Blue Grass region
who seemed especially interested in suffrage, and
at the conclusion of our conversation he told me
he wouldn’t be surprised to meet me in Congress
some day. I was forced to tell him that there
would have to be some marked improvements in
Congress before I would be an aspirant. Not that
I am a slacker when it comes to politics. But I
have sat in the House every day for a couple of
weeks, and have lost some of my illusions as to
O F all the men who told me that women were
“too good for politics” there was not one
who believed they were too good to be
bound by the laws politicians made. During the
time I was in Washington I had questions fired at
me so fast that it was almost too much for my
brain. I was interviewed much of the time in¬
stead of doing the interviewing myself. But not
being like one of our other members who, after
interviewing a crabbed specimen, gave our cause
twenty-five dollars rather than interview another
of the people’s choice, I plodded along. I didn’t
have twenty-five dollars and I wanted to do my
bit. I felt finally that I had not worked in vain.
Many members from the South will vote for the
federal amendment when it comes up for con¬
Finally, as there are women and women, so
there are Congressmen and Congressmen. “Repre¬
sentatives” are very much like the ordinary run
of men and women. Some flattered; some
evaded; some joked about every subject touched
on—but many were seriously interested and ap¬
peared to be men of intellect and understanding.
I like to think that our enfranchisement will
come through the efforts of such, and not through
political trading. I feel about our lobby in Con¬
gress that it is the right of everyone to present
his case. There can be nothing more dignified
than the request of a serious-minded woman for
serious consideration of an injustice that has been
allowed to stand too long. While the men of
this country are asking for emergency legislation
to assist in righting the wrongs of other nations,
I worked with all my small might in the hope
that I might help to make our careless Representa¬
tives feel that there are wrongs here in America
that need attention.
The New Freedom in Europe and in America
New York Mass Meeting Endorses
A MASS meeting last week at the Ritz-
Carlton Hotel in New York, which had
been organized to inform New York suf¬
fragists of the latest stand of the President
on federal suffrage, resolved itself finally into
a dramatic endorsement of the suffrage picket
at the White House and Congress. Mrs. John
Rogers’ demand, “Go to Washington to picket
if you have to sacrifice the shoes on your
feet!” became the slogan of the afternoon.
More than $1,500 was collected at this meet¬
ing to finance the suffrage work in Wash¬
Says the New York Sun: “J. A. H. Hopkins,
Progressive, of New Jersey, and Mrs. Abby
Scott Baker, of Washington, two of the dele¬
gates in that interview gave accounts of the
favorable leaning the President is now show¬
ing to the Susan B. Anthony Amendment,
agreeing that Mr. Wilson, who formerly re¬
jected the federal for the state by state meth¬
od, was now simply debating whether the
amendment should be put through this session
of Congress or next. Every soul at the meet¬
ing agreed that now with victory in sight was
no time to lower the banners at the White
“‘Since picketing began,’ said Mrs. John
Rogers, ‘twenty-five Congressmen have chang¬
ed from the doubtful to the favorable column
on suffrage. I don’t say picketing did it all,
but that certainly doesn’t look as though we
had hurt the cause.’
“Miss Lucy Burns, co-founder, with Miss
Paul, of the Congressional Union, as the Na¬
tional Woman’s Party until recently was called,
put aside the criticisms (of party policies)
with a smile. ‘We don’t go to politicians for
instructions how to conduct the suffrage
movement,’ she said.
“Dudley Field Malone indorsed the amend¬
ment as a war measure. He came, he said, as
a member of the present Administration, and
in pursuance of a vow he made when he toured
the West for Wilson, that if the women voters
acquitted themselves well he would work his
hardest for their national enfranchisement.”
“The recent action of Ohio,” pointed out Mr.
Malone, “in taking steps to take away from
women Presidential suffrage granted by the
legislature, is an added proof that only
through federal action can the freedom of our
women be secured.”
Miss Zona Gale, the final speaker, spoke
briefly, declaring that at this time every wo¬
man should feel that the fight for freedom was
her own especial task. Mrs. O. H. P. Bel¬
mont, New York state chairman of the Wo¬
man’s Party, was the chairman of the large
committee of arrangements.
Woman’s Party Day at^Pageant
RS. MARIE MOORE FOREST, of
Washington, D. C., who has for the last
three months been staging the Pageant
of Light and Darkness, in Detroit, was this
week given a farewell luncheon by the mem¬
bers of the state and city boards of the
Woman’s Party in Detroit in recognition of
her assistance in the “suffrage first” campaign
m Michigan. One day of the thirty-three day
run of her great pageant was dedicated to the
Woman s Party, when the Detroit arena was
ablaze with the Party colors.
With Mrs. W. Nelson Whittemore as state
chairman presiding, the speakers at the lun¬
cheon were Mrs. Grimes, Mrs. Paul Reyneau
and Mrs. Marie Moore Forest. Of course
Mrs. Moore Forest spoke of the picket at the
White House. “Picketing is part of our suf¬
frage religion in Washington,” she said. “I
believe national woman suffrage is most im¬
portant as a war measure and for the moral
and spiritual development of the women of
this country. No one knows how long this
war will last or how many will be called to
the firing-line. The wife, the mother or the
sister, left to settle many problems, can do
more effective work in the home, and in the
country, the larger home, if left with the
proper tool to work with.”
Mrs. W. P. Vaughn, Chairman of
F OLLOWING the conference talks of Mrs.
John Winters Brannan, of New York,
which focussed new interest in suffrage
as a war measure in Charleston and Green¬
ville, Mrs. William P. Vaughn, who has been
serving as president of the Woman Suffrage
Party of Greenville, accepted the state chair¬
manship of the Woman’s Party in South Caro¬
lina. So great was Mrs. Vaughn’s enthusiasm
that she this week came to the Capital to in¬
terview the Congressmen of South Carolina in
person, and point out the need of pushing
for suffrage at this time as a war measure.
Mrs. Vaughn brings to the work for suf¬
frage in South Carolina not only a clear mind
and splendid executive ability, but also tre¬
mendous enthusiasm for the present fight for
suffrage in Congress. She sees clearly that
the South is important in the suffrage situation
in this Congress, and is determined to make
the women of her state realize this. “No
thinking woman,” says Mrs. Vaughn, “who has
stood on the picket line with a flag, who has
interviewed Congressmen on suffrage, can
have exactly her old relation to her govern¬
Maryland Conference in Baltimore
ISS LUCY BURNS, of New York, was
the speaker at the Maryland state con¬
ference of the Woman’s Party, held in
Baltimore this week, with Mrs. Townsend
Scott as state chairman, and Mrs. Donald R.
Hooker, president of the Just Government
League, presenting the affiliated work of her
Miss Burns emphasized the necessity of suf¬
fragists at this time presenting a united front
that the passage of the suffrage measure dur¬
ing this session be made possible, and a future
date was set for the formation of state plans.
Governor Harrington was this week asked
to lend his support to presidential suffrage for
Maryland by a group of Washington and Bal¬
timore women representing the Woman’s
Party and the Just Government League.
Among this group were Mrs. William Kent,
who presided, Miss Mabel Vernon, Miss Alice
Henkle and Miss Lucy Ewing of Chicago,
Mrs. Townsend Scott and Mrs. Donald
Hooker, representing Maryland’s two largest
suffrage organizations. While making no
definite pledge, Governor Harrington said
that he recognized the importance of the suf¬
frage measure at this time and would con¬
sider the matter when it comes before the
special session of June 12.
Massachusetts Suits the Action to
ASSACHUSETTS suffragists proved
their belief in suffrage as a war measure
by raising nearly one thousand dollars for
the work in Washington at one informal meeting
of the leaders of the Massachusetts branch of
the Woman’s Party in Boston. Miss Alice
Paul, National Chairman of the Woman’s
Party, made an unexpected conference trip to
Boston, and without previous notice a tea was
arranged by Mrs. Agnes H. Morey, state
chairman, at which Miss Paul met the group
who are working for suffrage as a war meas¬
ure this session.
This meeting was held at the home of Miss
Grace Hinshaw, a loyal Cambridge worker.
At all costs to maintain the picket at the gates
of the White House and Congress while the
suffrage measure is pending, was the determi¬
nation of the women present after hearing
Miss Paul’s description of the work at the
Capital and the President’s changing attitude
at this time.
Miss Florence Youmans, of Minnesota, was
so enthusiastic over the work of the picket
that she decided to come at once to Wash¬
ington to help in work that is bearing definite
fruit, and is at present in charge of the White
Mississippi Branch Formed
M ISSISSIPPI, one of the last among the
Southern states to arouse a group under
the banner of the Woman’s Party to work
only for the passage of the pending suffrage
amendment through Congress, last week held the
largest suffrage meeting that has ever taken place
in the state when the organizing state conference
of the Woman’s Party was staged in Vicksburg
at the Carroll Hotel on June 1.
Prior to the conference proper, at which nearly
one hundred men and
women were present,
Mrs. St. Clair Thomp¬
son, Southern field sec¬
retary for the Woman’s
Party, and Miss Beulah
Amidon, national organ¬
izer, established head¬
quarters at the Carroll,
enlisting the interest of
many Vicksburg wo¬
men, and sent notices of
the conference to all
parts of the state. Mrs.
Thompson in addition
spoke in many sections,
including Jackson, the
capitol, where she met
the Governor, a per¬
sonal friend; and Gulf¬
port, the home of
Representative Pat Har¬
rison, one of the anti¬
suffrage land-marks of
the House. Mrs.
Thompson’s talks made
a deep impression.
son brought a storm of
indignant protest about
his head from his own
home town in regard
to the matter of the
picket. The South, Mrs.
Thompson found, is not
opposed to the suffrage picket. Her recital of
the opposition of their Representative to the
picket aroused protest not only among women,
but among men, the political allies of the Missis¬
Julius Crisler, a personal friend and adviser
of Harrison’ wired: “Think best that you
vote to allow the Rules Committee to create
Woman Suffrage Committee for the House.—•
The women of Gulfport sent their alleged
Representative a round-robin telegram that
included the leaders of the united women’s
organizations. This telegram read: “The
boast of your friends here is that you are
fair and broad-minded. Don’t let your feel¬
ings in regard to the pickets prevent your
doing justice to the question of a suffrage
committee.” Signed by Mrs. H. A. Jones,
President Woman’s Club; Mrs. D. M. Graham,
President King’s Daughters Hospital Board;
Mrs. J. E. Dupont, President Gulfport United
Daughters of the Confederacy; Mrs. J. H.
Walsh, Vice-Regent Daughters of the
American Revolution; Miss Capitola Bradley,
Worthy Matron of the Eastern Star; Miss La-
vella Dick, President Equal Suffrage League,
and Dr. Margaret Carraway.
Another protest sent to Representative Harri¬
son came from Howard
S. Williams, a Gulf¬
port friend: “I hope
to hear of your casting
your vote for a Woman
Suffrage Committee in
the House and believe
you will do so as it
would be inconsistent
with your views on suf¬
frage as expounded in
speech delivered here
at celebration of Wil¬
son’s victory.”— How¬
ard S. Williams.
The Governor of
Mississippi also prom¬
ised to wire Represen¬
tative Harrison favor¬
ing a suffrage com¬
Thompson’s return to
Vicksburg the confer¬
ence was held and a
strong state committee
elected. Mrs. R. L.
for the state King’s
Daughters presided at
the conference and in¬
troduced the speakers.
Miss Beulah Amidon
and Mrs. Thompson
outlined the plan of
the Woman’s Party campaign in Washington and
in the states, and pointed out that the South is an
important factor in the fate of the enfranchise¬
ment of the women of the nation.
The following officers were elected; Mrs. Julius
Crisler, Jackson, acting chairman; vice-chairmen:
Mrs. E. C. Hunt, Vicksburg; Mrs. J. C. Hardy,
Gulfport; Mrs. Adele Adams, Long Beach; Miss
Capitola Bradley, Gulfport; Dr. Margaret Carra¬
way, Gulfport; membership chairman, Miss
Cherry Bomer; Suffragist chairman, Mrs. N.
Mrs. R. P. Crump of Nitta Yuma was appointed
a member of the National Advisory Council for
Mississippi. Mrs. Crump is a member of the Vick
family to whom the land on which Vicksburg is
located was originally granted. Mrs. Hardy, a
vice-chairman is the president of the Woman’s
Club, the largest woman’s organization in the state.
Miss Cherry Bomer
Membership Chairman in Mississippi
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Comments of the Press
Is Wilson for Suffrage?
HERE are indications that President Wilson
is coming to favor the principle of woman’s
suffrage through federal action, although
but recently he stated that his “mind was to let
on this question.” His letter to Chairman Pou
of the House rules committee, which recom¬
mended the creation of a House committee on
suffrage, indicates that the President is not averse
to suffrage by federal action; but his statement
made to a delegation of labor leaders, headed by
Samuel Gompers, is even more significant.
“There are many forms of democratic govern¬
ment and we are not fighting for any particular
form, but we are fighting for the essential part
of it, namely, that we are all equally interested in
our social and political life and all have a right
to a voice in the government under which we
live,” said the President, and he added:
“When men and women are equally admitted
to those rights we have the best safeguard of
justice and peace that the world affords. There
is no other safeguard.”
Ths last declaration by Mr. Wilson goes far
beyond any of his previous utterances upon suf¬
frage. It is more succinct than anything he said
during the recent campaign, and these utterances,
by the way, were discounted at the time because
they were supposed to have been made for politi¬
cal effect. But it is apparent that President Wil¬
son is inclining more and more toward national
woman’s suffrage and there may be some slight
basis for the hope of several suffrage leaders that
he ultimately will recommend it as a war-time
measure.— St. Paul Pioneer Press, May 21.
A Me re Man’s World
HE world of democracy that is to be (if
the German war machine be overborne) is
not to be that “mere man’s world” so elo¬
quently described in the New York constitutional
convention in 1894 by Mr. Root, who now carries
the torch of freedom to Russia 1 The govern¬
ment of Great Britain has announced the coming
political emancipation of women. We await on
a “Democratic” President and Congress to bear
testimony to the truth that we do not fear liberty
but invite it.— Charles A. Beard in The New
Republic, June 2.
That Letter of the President
O those familiar with President Wilson’s
mental processes his letter to Representa¬
tive Pou, made public a few days ago sug¬
gesting the creation of a special committee of the
House on woman suffrage, is more than a per¬
functory act. Such a suggestion, of course, means
nothing in itself. There is machinery enough in
Congress now to pass the federal amendment ex¬
tending the right of suffrage to women. But it
is the President’s way of telling the country that
his sentiments on the subject are undergoing a
chemical change. It is a notice that the great un¬
ruffled majesty of aloofness has been hit by the
fluttering zephyrs on the edge of a political storm.
It is a sign—and it will be interpreted as such by
the leaders of the National Woman’s Party—that
they are getting measurably closer to their goal.
After generations of wasted effort and humiliat¬
ing appeal, through channels of doubt and timidity
women have at last come to the realization that
they must fight their way to freedom with the
organized weapons of political machinery.
The National Woman’s Party apparently asks
no odds of anybody, cries for no sympathy ah 4 - 3
welcomes no support based on the motive force '
of either chivalry or pity. Its one aim is to
secure the passage of the federal amendment by
making the President and the Congress under¬
stand that the party which continues to block the
pathway of women to political freedom must
now reckon with millions of women voters. This
is substituting efficiency and directness for
hysteria and is bound to bring changes of very
great consequence into our political life.
There is one factor in the turmoil of a world
at war which must inevitably hasten the coming
of the day of emancipation. This horrible abyss
of blood and destruction is but the foundation pit
for the building of a new world of spiritual life
in which the shams and makeshifts and inequali¬
ties shall have no place. The noble dignity with
which women have sacrificed their best and dear
est, the concealment of breaking hearts under the
cloak of cheerful service, the quiet acceptance of
burdens which three brief years ago were con¬
sidered absolutely beyond their comprehension or
their powers, the magnificent labors performed
in hospitals, in the arts, in factories, in agricul¬
ture, in every field of human endeavor—all these
things have trampled into oblivion the shibboleth
of sex disability.
And it is because American men well know that
millions of American women are waiting in line
to-day, eager to prove that their own capacity
for sacrifice and service is as great as that of
their sisters anywhere in the world, that they are
beginning to see, in the coming political emancipa¬
tion of women, the triumph of fair play over
bigotry.— Providence Journal, May 18.
A Test for Comedy
VEN a White House picket, at the end of a
drizzling day, would find the humor of “Sat¬
urday to Monday” absolutely irresistable.—
Washington, D. C., Star, May 28.
Even David Lawrence
HE sincerity of the National Woman’s Party
and its ardor for the cause are not doubted
anywhere.— David Lawrence in the Nezv
York Evening Post, May 25.
In patronizing our advertisers please mention “The Suffragist”
Treasurer: Miss Gertrude L. Crocker
Assistant Treasurer: Miss Maud Jamison
Bank of Deposit: American Security and Trust Co.
Washington. D, C.
Auditors: Marwick, Mitchell Peat & Company
CONTRIBUTIONS TOWARD $300,000 FUND
FOR SECURING THE PASSAGE OF
THE FEDERAL SUFFRAGE
Make checks payable to the “Treasurer of the
National Woman’s Party," 21 Madison Place,
Washington, D. C.
List of Contributions from May 19 Through
June 2, 1917
Contributions made to
mjmPer Mrs. Kent’s Committee:
Mrs. George T. Hendrie
Mrs. Juliet Barrett
Elizabeth T. Kent..-
Per Miss Doris Stevens:
Miss Katherine Lahey
Miss Clara Steinmetz.
Miss Audrey Munson.
Per Miss Alice Henkle
Miss Ida Craft .
Per Pennsylvania Branch:
Mrs. Edwin C. Grice....
Miss Lavinia L. Dock..
Mrs. Geraldine S. Mac-
Per Mrs. Ella Morton Dean:
Mrs. John Winters
Miss Euphemia Bakewell.
Mrs. John E. Milholland.
Miss Elsie Hill.
Miss Edith C. Bump.
Miss Frances Frothingham
Mrs. John Stuart Coonley
Miss Agnes Goldman.
Miss Zonia Baber.
Mrs. H. F. Hall.
District of Columbia
Elizabeth T. Kent.
Mrs. F. B. Nickens.
Mrs. H. L. Bearse.
Miss Cynthia J. Stevens..
Mrs. James C. Collins....
Miss Doris Stevens.
Colonel Joseph Fletcher..
Mrs. Marsden Perry.
Mrs. Albert Steinert. 2.00
Mrs. William H. Blauvelt 50.00
Miss Gladys Greiner (col¬
lected) . -50
Miss Eva Jackson. 1.00
Mrs. Wilson G. Harvey.. 5.00
Mrs. Electa S. Lawton- 1.00
Mrs. Charles E. Longley.. 10.00
A Crusader . 25.00
Mrs. Charles H. Ludington 25.00
Mrs. Lawrence Lewis. 140.00
Miss Margaret Knepper.. 5.00
Miss Grace Henshaw. 150.00
Miss Ellen W. Farrar.... 10.00
Mrs. Julia S. Lucky. 5.00
Libby, McNeill and Libby 25.00
Mrs. John Winters Bran-
110.00 _ _
Mrs. Dora G. Ogle.
Johnson City, Tennessee
Mrs. Richard Wainwright
Miss Mary G. Patterson.
Mrs. Valentine Winters...
Mr. William H. Seaman..
Miss Louise Dinman.
Mrs. D. D. Terry.
Miss Isabel Hill Knott....
Mrs. Sarah Garretson
Mrs. Keppele Hall.
Mrs. Agnes H. Morey....
Massachusetts branch ...
Mrs. Mary P. Oakes.
Mrs. Henry Tustice.
Mrs. Caroline T. Burkham
Mrs. Kate W. Townsend.
New Jersey branch.
Miss Katherine Morey...
Misfi Marion McGaw.
Mrs. Gertrude B. Newell.
Miss A. G. Kelly.
Mrs. Charles Prince.
Mrs. Jennie S. Mendenhall
Mrs. Otis Wight.
Mrs. Dorothy Earle.
A Friend .
Miss Alice L. Wood.
Membership fees .
Sale of Tickets .
Total collected by National
in The Suffragist ....
Total collected by National
June 2, 1917. $235,420.22
Total collected by branches
through June 2, 1917 .. 33,853.55
Grand Total . $269,273.77
Transferred from Branch
Headquarters to Nation¬
al Headquarters . $1,383.50
Grand Net Total . $267,890.27
Exquisitely Arranged Store
Extraordinary Wide Stock
Exceptionally Reasonable Prices
Get Your Groceries at
G. G. CORNWELL’S
1415 H ST. N. W„ WASHINGTON, D. C.
The Sign of Quality
621 Plymouth Court
Exclusively for Women
Then why not stay at
Lexington Ave. and 30th St.
Rooms from $1.00 daily
Room with full board from $12.00 to $18.00
per week. All outside rooms
EMBROIDERY —BRAIDING — PLAITING
HEMSTITCHING — PLAITING — BUTTONS
DRESSMAKING SUPPLIES — BEADS
800-806 E Street Washington, D. C.
1510 H Street N.W.
Washington, D. C.
BLOUSES NOVELTIES MILLINERY GOWNS
Fifth Ave. and 46th St.
In patronizing our advertisers please mention “The Suffragist”
E. MORRISON PAPER CO.
1009 Pennsylvania Avenue N. W.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Mothproof bags and paper for protecting the
winter clothing, carpets, rugs, curtains, etc.
HARVEY A. STROUD
Electrical Engineer and Contractor
2103 NORTH ELEVENTH STREET, PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Specialize on EYE COMFORT SYSTEM of Lighting
in Old or New Installation. Anything else Electrical,
I AM ON THE JOB. Just Write, Call or Telephone
Women of Letters
tasty stationery —
clean-cut presswork —
The C-P-Co. line is fine
Columbian Printing Co.
Main 815 Fourteenth Street
PRINTING AND ENGRAVING
Estimates and Ideas Gladly Furnished
5247 Baltimore Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Bell Phone, Woodland 642
TELEPHONE MAIN 673
Lanman Engraving Co.
HALF TONES, ZINC ETCHINGS
POST BUILDING Washington. D. C.
Rose Valley Sanitarium
Osteopathy and allied physiological methods used including
Scientific Dietetics. Milk Diet Hydrotherapy, etc. Ideal lor
r eat and recreation.
RUTH DEETER. D. O., Physician in Charge
Box G Medi *' F ‘-
WEST END TRUST
CAPITAL and SURPLUS
Acts as Executor, Administrator
Guardian, Trustee, Agent
Sells Foreign Exchange, Travelers’
Letters of Credit, Express Checks
Maintains an Up-to-date Safe Deposit
Department and a Storage
Department for trunks
Manages Real Estate, Collects Rents
Lends Money on Approved Collateral
The Suffragist Starts a Circulation
T HE Suffragist wants 5000 new subscrip¬
tions by September 1.
On June 11 it will start a subscription
drive to get them.
The Suffragist wants every subscriber to get
one new subscriber to help on the federal suf¬
frage fight. It wants each state branch of the
National Woman’s Party to campaign to extend
The Suffragist into every comer of the state.
I N May the New Jersey branch started a special
campaign for subscriptions under Mrs. Abram
Rose, Suffragist chairman—New Jersey has al¬
ready turned in 36 new subscriptions through its
headquarters alone. This is just the beginning of
what New Jersey or any other state can do. But
if 43 branches turn in even this small number of
subscriptions each month, June will add 1500
new readers to the Party paper.
These new readers can be got easily if every
branch makes the effort.
What state will head the list in June?
Circulation of Suffragist
Circulation Manager, Miss Elizabeth Smith
Miss Blanche Robbins,
Mrs. Abram J. Rose, N. J.
Miss Helen Scott, Md.
Mrs. R. N. Scott, N. C.
Mrs. M. B. Spellman, hid.
Mrs. Frank Stirlitb, Del.
Miss Eliza Tonks, D. O.
Mrs. James Whittemore,
Mrs. Neuton Wing, Ga.
. 1 X 1.100 iuanuu may , , x. c/Miss Louise 0. Young,
Mrs. Percy Read, Va. Hi Texas
Members Who Have Secured New Subscribers for
May 20 Through June 2. 1917
Miss Bertha Sapovits. 2
Miss Marion May. 1
Miss Grace Needham . 1
Mrs. Samuel Martin. i
Miss Beulah Amidon . 1
Mrs. Dora G. S. Hazard. 5
Miss Alice Paul. 1
Mrs. Lawrence Lewis. 6
Mrs. Marian T. Read . 1
Miss Caroline Katzenstein. 2
Miss Ella Riegel. 1
Mrs. Elizabeth J. Sherman . 1
Miss Olive Mills Belches. 1
Mrs. Florence Brooks Whitehouse. 1
Miss Mary Gertrude Fendall. 1
Miss Mildred Gilbert . 8
Mrs. Lillian L. Vose. 2
Miss Margery Gibson Ross. 1
Mrs. Robert Milton. 1
Mrs. Mary J. Zipperer. 1
Miss Marian McGaw. 1
Miss Iris Calderhead. 2
Miss Pauline Clarke. 1
Miss Mabel Vernon. 1
Mrs. J. Borden Estee. 1
Mrs. Nettia A. Biasing. 2
TOTAL . 42
Miss Nettie Biasing, Minn.
Mrs. Charlotte Dinwiddie,
Mrs. Olive H. Hasbrouck,
Mrs. Nell K. Irion, Idaho
Mrs. Josephine Kempt Lin¬
Mrs. Ruby Koenig, Conn.
OPPORTUNITIES THAT WILL
IN TEREST YOU _
Rate, for classified advertisements 15 words 25 cents, 2
cents each additional word . Five insertions for the price
TO RENT FROM JUNE 1st to OCTOBER 1st—A four
room housekeeping apartment; furnished or unfur-
nished. The Portner, Apply Mrs. McMullin, Apt. 23ft .
READ that most remarkable book “HOW I KNOW
THAT THE DEAD ARE ALIVE” by Fanny Ruthven
Paget, published by The Plenty Publishing Oo.,
33rd St. and Western Ave., Washington, D. 0.
Price $1.60 postpaid. _
ANTIQUES OF ANY KIND BOUGHT-Bring or send your
False Teeth. We pay cash 50c to $5 set. Money by return mail.
C. BURNS, 912 Walnut, Philadelphia, Pa.
A HISTORY OF NURSING by M. Adelaide Nutting and
Lavinia L Dock is not technical. A vivid picture of nurs¬
ing as part of the Woman Movement. G P. Putnam’s Sons.
Vols I. II, $5.00; Vols. Ill, IV, $5.00. Carriage 50 cents per
set of two vols.
A BEAUTIFUL IMPORTED JAPANESE KIMONO in
shades of pink is to be sold and the proceeds to be
given to “The Suffragist." It is on display at the
National Woman's Party headquarters and bids are to
sent to Mrs. Ella Dean, 21 Madison Place, Wash¬
ington, D. 0.
Open Daily 8:45 A.M. to 5:30 P.M.
Saturday 9.00 A.M. to 6-00 P.M.
"THB BUSY COHNEB"
& 2Camt ^txm Sc (0x0
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of the Initiated?
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offering in this one particular line?
—Crepe de chines, and SUCH novel and win¬
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—Georgette crepes, made up in styles that
just suit this soft, pretty draping material.
—Blouses that are ornamented with heading
—Frill trimmed or plain tailored styles, a
number of the new high-neck styles among
—Shown in flesh, white and all the wanted
shades of the season, also in black.
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Factory and Home Office:
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Branches in all Principal Cities
In patronizing our advertisers please mention “The Suffragist”